Navigating the care of a small child’s genitals is not always easy, especially if you are not just new to a child’s vagina, but vaginas in general. We are trying to make things easier for you by providing straightforward tips and advice for as many scenarios as we can dream up, including all the wonderful varieties of parents out there.
If you don’t know what a labia is, we’ll teach you; if you want to get into the structure of the epithelial layers, we can go there too. We stick to vaginas, so everything and anything to do with the female genitalia, we will get to in our quest to provide you with the best information on All Things Vagina.
An overview of how your vulva and vagina changes throughout your life, from being a newborn to old age.
We look over a study that figured out that girls with older sisters got their periods later than girls without.
Smegma can build up between the labia and around the clitoris – we explain how to remove it and prevent it.
Precocious puberty is the early onset of pubic hair, breasts, vulvar changes and height.
Mycoplasma bacteria are very tiny microbes that lack a cell wall, but instead have a unique cell membrane not found in other microbes or viruses. In fact Mycoplasma species were once thought to be viruses they were so small, and could fit through bacterial filters....
Proteus infection ranges from a simple UTI to sepsis, and requires immediate, thorough treatment.
This is a genetic blip that flips the tables on a person’s sexual characteristics from birth.
We discuss ovotesticular DSD and its outcomes in children.
Turner syndrome is what life looks like with a missing X chromosome.
We discuss the uses of vaginal dilators, including recommendations by experts on how to use dilators.
Mullerian cysts are caused either by an anatomical hiccup or appear after trauma to the vagina like childbirth.
An obstructed uterine horn is an anatomical abnormality whereby the uterus is not connected properly with the cervix and vaginal tissues.
Kallmann syndrome is a genetic disorder characterised by no sense of smell and late/no puberty.
PMDS is a disorder of sexual development that only affects males, but results in a person having a uterus and fallopian tubes.
We take a closer look at how androgens impact the female body and how they work.
A mother is worried that her husband may have touched her daughter inappropriately. How can she find out what’s going on?
Cervical hypoplasia is an anatomical abnormality that results in a malformed cervix.
Uterine hypoplasia is the undeformed or absent uterus, an anatomical abnormality often found in conjunction with MRKH.
A 14-year-old wants to know if her hymen still exists and what sex will feel like. We explain.
A cockscomb cervix appears with large ridges or folds of fibrous tissue, and is considered benign.
Adnexal torsion is the twisting of the ovary causing sudden and severe pain.
EBV can be a cause of vulvar ulcers, particularly in younger girls.
Got itching and burning that just won’t go away? Learn about group B Strep – the bug doctors probably won’t test you for.
Vulvar eczema can be caused by a few things, just like regular eczema on other parts of your body.
Conservative approaches to naming body parts – including genitals – are having a negative impact on our kids.
A guide for parents on how to kindly and lovingly support a child going through the perfectly normal step of questioning their sexuality.
The Gardasil vaccine is used in boys and girls up to age 26 to protect against various HPV strains.
A double uterus usually also means a double cervix and a double vagina – but not always. This anatomical abnormality usually doesn’t present too many problems, but care must be taken with pregnancies.
Behçet syndrome is a complex, mysterious disease that presents with ulcerations across the body – mouth, genitals, vascular system.
There are a few rarer causes of genital ulcers that can appear with flu-like symptoms, or by themselves, and appear to be related to viruses.
Pubic lice – crabs – are an infestation of the pubic hair with a small louse. They are reasonably easy to treat, but can be persistent.
Congenital syphilis is completely treatable, but untreated, can cause serious and permanent health problems.
Women & their Microbes was a huge success last year with over 90 participants from over nine countries. This time the theme is reproduction, with the one-day event covering hands-on workshops and lectures from leaders in the medical and scientific community.
We examine a review of how childhood experiences impact menarche and menopause.
Cystic fibrosis can seriously affect your sex life, vagina, and reproductive system. Find out what to do about it.
Reifenstein syndrome is an androgen insensitivity syndrome occurring in foetal development that results in improper sex organ development in boys.
Vaginal agenesis is the complete absence of a vaginal canal.
What to look at when periods don’t arrive on time.
Cervical agenesis means the cervix – connecting the uterus and vagina – is absent.
Cervical stenosis is the narrowing – for whatever reason – of the cervix, which is the neck of tissue joining the vagina and uterus.
Swyer syndrome means you are a chromosomal male (46, XY), but – aside from ovaries – the rest of you is 100% woman.
MRKH syndrome is a congenital state whereby the uterus, top part of the vagina, and cervix do not exist or are small. Ovaries are normal.
MRSA is an antibiotic-resistant form of Staph that can infect the vagina. It can be life-threatening.
Shigella is a cause of vaginal infections and vulvovaginitis, particularly in children.
Injuries to the vagina, vulva and perineum vary, and impact on different structures.
H. influenzae is a common cause of vulvovaginitis in children, but it may not be easily detected by a GP or standard cultures.
We briefly overview the vulva and vagina from a developmental perspective – what to expect.
An overview of DSD.
Those with 5-ARD are genetically male, but have ambiguous genitalia due to an enzymatic interruption in the womb.
A condition whereby babies born as genetic males have an androgen receptor problem that means they turn, more or less, into females, including gender identity and heterosexuality.
Ambiguous genitals means it’s really hard to tell if a child is a boy or a girl, and there are a handful of common causes of this anatomical abnormality.
The surgical repair of a bladder exstrophy has two parts – the bladder repair and the pelvic bone repair.
Epispadias is a birth defect in boys and girls whereby the genitals are improperly formed, affecting the urethra and sometimes the bladder and other structures.
Bladder exstrophy is a condition a child is born with whereby the bladder is on the outside of the body, and other pelvic structures are not properly formed.
Seborrheic dermatitis on the vulva can occur for many reasons, but is uncommon.
Allergic contact dermatitis can affect the vulva, and has a list of typical triggers.
Vulvovaginal-gingival syndrome is a rare variety of lichen planus (LP) .
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Oat baths can help soothe an itchy, dry, cracked, fissured vulva.
A 5-year-old girl has labial adhesion, and her labia is cracking after oestrogen cream. What should her mother do?
Urethral prolapse is an uncommon condition that is completely treatable in most cases.
Labial adhesion occurs for an unknown reason in young girls, and generally resolves itself, but may need intervention.
Gartner’s duct cysts are caused by a duct that should no longer exist after we are born.
Ureteroceles are a birth defect affecting the ureters, resulting in problems with urine flow.
Why would someone want to cut their own genitals off?
Gishiri cutting is a form of genital mutilation that involves cutting down the back wall of the vagina.
A brief description of female genital mutilations and modifications.
A basic overview of congenital adrenal hyperplasia (CAH).
Clitoridectomy is the complete or partial removal of the clitoris. We explain.
The Prader Scale ranks human genitalia from 0 to 6, from totally female to totally male.
A short description of the pseudo-penis.
Large clitorises can develop for several reasons. We discuss.
Is washing a 10-year-old girl’s vagina acceptable, or molestation?
Vulvovaginitis and vaginal discharge in girls, and what to do about it.
Cleaning a girl’s vulva and vagina for newbies.
Anatomical explanation of a girl’s vagina.
Transverse and longitudinal vaginal septum explanation and treatment overview.
A short explanation of vaginal atresia.
Vaginal hypoplasia is where the vagina doesn’t really exist in its full form, or at all.
Congenital vaginal obstructions come in two forms, with one easily solved and one not so much.
The proximity of the urethra to the anus makes it ripe for infection. Learn how to fix it.
Young girls can’t always tell you what’s wrong, so get the run-down on the most common problems so you can treat it quick.
A list of possible causes why your period has stopped.
LS is an autoimmune skin condition of the vulva and anal area that can cause serious scarring and the vaginal folds to fuse.
There is rapid healing in hymenal injuries in children, often without scars.
Children’s vaginas are different to women’s, and this needs to be taken into account when treating them. Find out what the differences are and how to adapt.
Statistics show that about 10% of sexually abused children have an STI.
Young girls rarely get vaginal yeast infections, but if they do, we have a couple of solutions for you to get rid of it and treat the cause.
Treatment of a UTI in a young girl is going to depend on how bad the infection is.
How to deal with a vaginal fissure in a child.
Nobody wants to talk about it. Here’s the nitty gritty on all the terrible things you can expect vagina-wise after you give birth.