Here we discuss recent (and not-so-recent) research into vagina and reproductive-related conditions. This section is a mixture of articles specifically for practitioners and those provided for general consumption, however references are provided.
If you have lichen sclerosus, or care for or treat someone who does, this survey is for you. The James Lind Alliance Lichen Sclerosus Priority Setting Partnership (PSP) has been set up to identify and prioritise research questions that are important to people who have...
Smoking can cause immunity issues via various mechanisms, meaning smokers may be more prone to infections than non-smokers.
A small lab study looked at the ability of tea tree oil and coconut vinegar to inhibit the growth of the biofilms of and kill Gardnerella vaginalis.
A study looks into vaginal inflammation, BV and the relationship with HIV transmission.
A study looks a little closer at Mobiluncus curtisii and its role in bacterial vaginosis.
An enzyme present in vaginas with BV breaks down the mucous layer so the bacteria can adhere to the vaginal cells.
A study looked at the effectiveness of using boric acid suppositories as well as an antibiotic for removal of the bacterial biofilm that causes recurrent bacterial vaginosis.
Chitosan was much more effective at disrupting biofilms (in the lab) than polycarbophil gels.
P. bivia is associated with BV and the higher pH found in BV-affected vaginas.
Treating M. genitalium can be tricky so longer treatments with antibiotics are recommended, with specific types most effective.
Circumcised penises result in less infection issues in female sexual partners.
A study has found a strong association between BV and M. genitalium.
Study: OVERcome (olive oil, vaginal exercise and moisturiser) – alleviating sexual problems in women with breast cancer
A combination of olive oil, vaginal moisturiser and pelvic-floor relaxation exercises was tested and works well for women suffering sexual problems after breast cancer treatments.
Guys, you are spreading the bacteria that cause fishy-smelling vaginas around with bareback sex! Here’s the proof, and what to do about it.
Prevotella is a bacteria commonly found in the mouth, but it can also live in the genital tract.
Your urine pH may need to be more neutral – not acidic, not alkaline – to protect against UTIs.
This study found that numbers of L. crispatus before and after the IUD was inserted were more or less the same.
Women with BV more often have an inflamed endometrial lining than those without BV.
We look at a case study and discuss how and why H. pylori could be responsible for your BV.
We look at research into the sexual transmission of H. pylori and how it could be a cause of bacterial vaginosis and urethritis.
A study looks into vitamin C for a treatment for changing the pH of the vagina and restoring healthy microflora in women (including pregnant women).
A new study is seeking participants for a novel lichen sclerosus treatment, PRP.
L. crispatus competitively excludes G. vaginalis and can have a protective effect on the vagina.
There is a positive association between IBD and BV bacteria, with worse outcomes for those on steroids treatment.
A study looks into the impact of just pH on BV – with interesting results.
A research project looks into antibiotics and other substances to see what works on biofilms and what doesn’t.
A study into the different subtypes of G. vaginalis present in BV, and which are most closely associated with BV.
Worse outcomes were found in women who had the same sex partner before and after BV treatment, but better outcomes in those on oestrogen-based birth control.
A study looks into the difference between BV vaginas and healthy vaginas in terms of metabolites.
Research: myo-inositol with folic acid improves hirsutism, acne and irregular periods in women with PCOS
A short review of two different research studies showing the benefits of myo-inositol with folic acid for PCOS.
A quick tour of boric acid research in the vagina.
This vaginal probiotic contains the strain Lactobacillus crispatus, which can be difficult to find in regular women’s probiotics.
BV trial now taking participants in San Francisco.
Viral shedding is where a virus makes virus babies that are popped out of cells, setting out to find their own cells to replicate in, and pop out their own viral babies.
The link between HIV, BV and HSV-2 may not be as it seems.
EBV can be a cause of vulvar ulcers, particularly in younger girls.
Ureaplasma is an antibiotic-resistant infection that can affect the urogenital tract of women and men. We discuss its basic components in women.
Mycoplasma refers to a few species of bacteria that can reside in and infect the female genital tract, with several species resistant to antibiotics.
Learn about Gram staining and how it’s used to figure out what’s living in your vagina.
Learn how BV attacks the mucous plug that keeps your baby safe.
This bacteria can cause infections in women. Learn the scientific elements of this tiny bacterium.
Want to know more about how BV bacteria interact with each other? Read this. It’s really interesting!
DNase disrupts biofilms created by G. vaginalis, but it is not available for us just yet.
Ever wondered if you should add essential oils into your fermented milk drinks? Here food science tells us what happens to the bacteria when you add antibacterial essential oils.
We look at the study results of biofilm formation in the mouth and how coconut can interrupt it.
Retrocyclin can interrupt new biofilm formation and G. vaginalis-mediated cell death, but it cannot interrupt established biofilms or kill bacteria.
A short outline of the Nugent score and how it is determined.
A study takes a closer look at whether coriander and thyme essential oils work on biofilms.
Mobiluncus is a bacteria that can contribute to BV, and is antibiotic resistant.
There are a few rarer causes of genital ulcers that can appear with flu-like symptoms, or by themselves, and appear to be related to viruses.
Fem-Dophilus is used to introduce two patented strains of useful probiotic bacteria into the vagina.
Cinnamon oil has antimicrobial properties that interfere with biofilm formation of certain Gram-positive and Gram-negative bacteria.
A study examines several essential oils for their potency against biofilms.
A collection of three home-made water kefir concoctions measured in a lab have an assortment of main bacterial colonies.
Women & their Microbes was a huge success last year with over 90 participants from over nine countries. This time the theme is reproduction, with the one-day event covering hands-on workshops and lectures from leaders in the medical and scientific community.
Staph biofilms have been found on regular-use tampons and pads (after use).
A new prolapse-correcting mesh is being developed in Australia that integrates with human tissue to become part of the body.
Hiprex is a urinary antimicrobial agent – that doesn’t use traditional antibiotics – that has been proved successful in treating and preventing urinary tract infections.
We discuss the impact of the Depo Provera contraceptive injection on BV.
This collection of probiotics are hard to find – Spain has them!
Can you freeze probiotic bacteria? We find out using a study from food science.
Freezing kefir or other probiotics isn’t necessarily a good idea – strain matters. Here’s a small study on four popular probiotic strains.
The acidity or alkalinity of the vagina impacts on how glycogen is broken down by amylase. This impacts lactobacilli numbers. We explain how.
Temperature and pH make all the difference to biofilm formation in several studied bacteria.
Researchers take a look at contraception trends in Australia.
Find out what actions tetracyclines have outside of their antibiotic properties.
A rabbit study demonstrates changes in vaginal and clitoral tissue due to a lack of circulating oestrogens.
A short review of experimental models for investigating female sexual arousal dysfunction.
The presentation of vulvar dermatoses – contact dermatosis, lichen sclerosus, lichen planus and lichen simplex chronicus
A discussion of the most common lichenoid conditions affecting the vulva, vagina, and perianal area.
Clinical trials: is vulvar vestibulitis syndrome (vestibulodynia) caused by the pill? STUDY NOW CLOSED
The Centers for Vulvovaginal Disorders in the US has hypothesised that the oral contraceptive pill causes vulvodynia by causing changes to the hormone receptors in the vulvar vestibular mucosa. Thinning may occur in the vulvar vestibule causing possible genetic...
Study being conducted on PRP for tissue healing in lichen sclerosus.
Check out current clinical trials for lichen sclerosus being undertaken across the world.
Replens does not significantly alter vaginal pH, and is not a treatment for BV, however may improve some symptoms.
Summary of the vagina’s history – a quick timeline from the ancient days to the present.
Gynoflor is a combination of oestrogen and lactobacilli used to repopulate the vagina after treatment for infections.
The whiff test is used to get a positive diagnosis for BV.
Dioxins are one of the ‘dirty dozen’ worst toxic pollutants.
BV can be sexually transmitted, and here’s the evidence.
A study shows that oral pilocarpine can offer those on chemotherapy relief from vaginal dryness with mild side effects.
Genius makes yoghurt out of her vaginal secretions.
A study on postmenopausal women has offered us some information regarding how our bodies process oestrogen, with exercise proving to lower oestrogen levels. This could be why regular exercise seems to lower breast cancer risk. The study was undertaken across a year...
There is rapid healing in hymenal injuries in children, often without scars.
Statistics show that about 10% of sexually abused children have an STI.
A study on two lactobacilli and G. vaginalis. See which good bacteria actually survive antibiotics.
Vagisil was shown in a lab to reduce the action of your good bacteria which is bad news for good vaginal health.
Find out which species of vaginal microflora your racial background has.
Is just G. vaginalis responsible for BV? Take a look at the latest research implicating Atopobium vaginae in recurrent BV.
Find out if the strain of Gardnerella matters when it comes to BV. A study examines 32 strains of G. vaginalis, their 8 biotypes and abnormal discharge.
Bacterial vaginosis has been a medical enigma for over a century, which isn’t promising considering they still haven’t found a solution or even a treatment that works.
Metronidazole is not effective at killing bacterial vaginosis, because it does not remove the biofilm left by Gardnerella vaginalis.
In a study of 63 test subjects suffering from antidepressant-induced sexual dysfunction, the women in the group had up to 91 per cent success rate for increasing sexual response after taking ginkgo biloba.
Swidsinski strikes again in another study to help eradicate BV from the lives of women forever. What a dude.
Lactobacillus has been shown to degrade the G. vaginalis biofilm better than any other substance.
A study has shown that some cryopreserved sperm is infected with G. vaginalis.
Nobody likes a dried up vagina, so learn about atrophic vaginitis and get your juices flowing once again.
BV in pregnancy is bad news for your baby. Find out what to do.
BV has been found in male semen and urine samples. It is sexually transmissable between women and men.
The Gardnerella vaginalis bacterial biofilm is what keeps your BV sticking around. Learn how to dissolve it.
Fact: the more you douche, the more likely you are to have BV.