This study looked at coriander and thyme essential oils for the gynaecological treatment of microbial and fungal infections.

Essential oils studied

  • Coriandrum sativum L. essential oil
  • Thymus vulgaris L. essential oil

Bacteria and fungi studied

  • Escherichia coli (25922)
  • Proteus mirabilis
  • Enterococcus sp.
  • Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 25923, ATCC 6538
  • Two clinical Candida albicans strains, including ATTC 10231

Results

  1. Bactericidal activity was higher for coriander EO against almost all tested bacteria, except multiple resistant strains of Enterococcus sp. and Proteus sp.
  2. Thyme EO showed slightly better fungicidal activity for all C. albicans strains.
  3. The effect of EOs on biofilm-forming ability was tested for two strains of Staph. aureus and E. coli, as well as on C. albicans filamentation ability.

Study conclusions

In-vitro, coriander essential oil can be used against E.coli, Staph. aureus and C. albicans vaginal infections as an alternative gynaecological treatment.

References

Alternative treatment of vaginal infections – in vitro antimicrobial and toxic effects of Coriandrum sativum L. and Thymus vulgaris L. essential oils, Bogavac M, Karaman M, Janjušević Lj, Sudji J, Radovanović B, Novaković Z, Simeunović J, Božin B., Journal of Applied Microbiology, 2015 Sep;119(3):697-710

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