Yeast infections

Yeasts can go from being a normal part of your body to becoming what’s known as pathogenic. That is, becoming a serial pest, causing infection with symptoms that go with it.

     Symptoms of a yeast infection

  • Vulvovaginal itching
  • Burning
  • Stinging
  • Rawness
  • Redness
  • Discharge – white, sometimes cottage cheese-like
  • Occurs often after taking antibiotics

If you have a vaginal yeast infection, your intestines are probably also overgrown with yeast. The effect is throughout your body, which results in your vagina having a yeast bloom, causing these uncomfortable, sometimes painful, vulvovaginal symptoms.

There are several types of yeast, with the most common cause of yeast infections being Candida albicans. Candida albicans tends to result in the cottage-cheesey discharge – it can be quite copious and chunky, though it never smells bad. The yeast with fewer symptoms like this next in line is Candida glabrata. Less common yeasts that can cause vulvovaginal symptoms are Candida tropicalis, Candida parapsilosis, and Candida krusei.

To treat a yeast infection, you treat both the vagina and the gut. You may also need to dissolve yeast biofilms in your intestines using special biofilm-busting enzymes.

What is a wet mount?

We look at what your doctor is looking for when they do a wet mount in their office – ask them what they can see!

Candida krusei

C. krusei is a rare cause of vulvovaginitis, typically appearing in women who have had multiple courses of other antifungals throughout their lives.

Candida tropicalis

A fluconazole-resistant species of yeast that can cause vulvovaginal yeast infections.

Cyclic vulvovaginitis

Cyclic vaginitis is recurrent symptoms that follow the predictable pattern of your menstrual cycle.

Candida glabrata

Learn about vulvovaginal Candida glabrata infections and how to treat them effectively.

Aerobic vaginitis

We run you through aerobic vaginitis – different to, but usually mistaken for, BV, with yellow, thick discharge, itching and inflammation.

STI testing

Getting an STI test is a good idea, especially if you (or your partner) likes sex with more than one person.

Aunt Vadge: midnight itch

A woman has an itchy clitoris during the night, and wants some advice on how to manage the itch before she sees her doctor.

Fermented foods

Eating fermented foods is a great way to increase your vagina’s good bacteria immediately.


The causes of vaginitis vary. This list provides symptoms and causes.

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